February 24, 2019
“Old Friends” Garrison Keillor, Christine DiGiallonardo, Richard Dworsky reunite at Crooners. Shows at 5 p.m. and 8 p.m.
Fergus Falls, MN
February 23, 2019
“Old Friends” Garrison Keillor, Christine DiGiallonardo, Richard Dworsky reunite at A Center for the Arts. 7:30 p.m.
Detroit Lakes, MN
February 22, 2019
“Old Friends” Garrison Keillor, Christine DiGiallonardo, Richard Dworsky reunite at Historic Holmes Theatre. 7:30 p.m.
St. Cloud, MN
February 21, 2019
“Old Friends” Garrison Keillor, Christine DiGiallonardo, Richard Dworsky reunite at Pioneer Place on Fifth. 7:30 p.m.
February 20, 2019
“Old Friends” Garrison Keillor, Christine DiGiallonardo, Richard Dworsky reunite at Paradise Center for the Arts. 7:30 p.m.
“You don’t believe” by William Blake. Public domain. (buy now)
You don’t believe — I won’t attempt to make ye.
You are asleep — I won’t attempt to wake ye.
Sleep on, sleep on, while in your pleasant dreams
Of reason you may drink of life’s clear streams
Reason and Newton, they are quite two things,
For so the swallow and the sparrow sings.
Reason says ‘Miracle’, Newton says ‘Doubt’.
Aye, that’s the way to make all Nature out:
Doubt, doubt, and don’t believe without experiment.
That is the very thing that Jesus meant
When he said: ‘Only believe.” Believe and try,
Try, try, and never mind the reason why.
It’s the birthday of poet Louise Bogan (books by this author), born in Livermore Falls, Maine (1897). She worked as poetry critic for The New Yorker for 38 years, and when she retired in 1969, she wrote to her friend and editor Ruth Limmer: “After 38 years; and seven years beyond normal retirement age. — I know that you are against such a move; but really, Ruth, I’ve had it. No more pronouncements on lousy verse. No more hidden competition. No more struggling not to be a square.” She died four months later.
Louise Bogan said: “I have no fancy idea about poetry. It’s not like embroidery or painting or silk. It doesn’t come to you on the wings of a dove. It’s something you have to work hard at.”
It’s the birthday of Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, born in Sunnyvale, California in 1950. He always loved electronics. As a kid, he and his neighborhood friends would build all kinds of gadgets, including intercom systems running between their houses. He was working on computer-like projects by the age of 11, and his sixth-grade science project was a machine that played tic-tac-toe. He said: “I didn’t ever take a course, didn’t ever buy a book on how to do it. I just pieced it together in my own head.” He met Steve Jobs in 1970, when a mutual friend introduced them. They formed their own company in 1976 and called it Apple. “You didn’t have to have a real specific reason for choosing a name when you were a tiny little company of two people; you choose any name you want,” Wozniak said.
The Apple 1 computer came about when Wozniak got the idea to pair a typewriter keyboard with a television. Jobs and Wozniak built it in Jobs’ bedroom and, later, when they ran out of room, in his garage. They hoped to sell 50 of them and if it didn’t work, Jobs told Wozniak, at least they could tell their grandkids that they’d had their own company for a while. Seven years later, Apple had a stock value of $985 million.
In 2006, Wozniak published his autobiography, titled iWoz: From Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I Invented the Personal Computer, Co-Founded Apple, and Had Fun Doing It.
Today is the birthday of Alex Haley (books by this author), born in Ithaca, New York (1921). He’s best known as the author of Roots: The Saga of an American Family, which came out in 1976. It was a fictionalized history of seven generations of his family from Africa through slavery in the United States. He spent more than seven years doing research for it. And in order to imagine the slaves’ passage across the Atlantic Ocean, he booked a trip on a boat from West Africa and spent every day on the second level of the boat in a cramped bunk bed wearing only his underwear.
He also co-wrote The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965) and conducted the first-ever interview for Playboy magazine. He interviewed Miles Davis for the September 1962 issue.
Haley said: “In my writing, as much as I could, I tried to find the good, and praise it.”
The first civilian prisoners began arriving at Alcatraz on this date in 1934. The island, which lies in the San Francisco Bay, had been under the military’s control since 1850, when President Millard Fillmore signed an executive order to that effect. A fortress was built on the island, and a lighthouse — the first operational lighthouse on the West Coast. Before the decade was out, the fortress was serving as a military prison. The cold, rough water of the Bay made it virtually impossible for prisoners to escape. During its stint as a military prison, Alcatraz housed Confederate sympathizers, Native Americans, and enemy combatants during the Spanish-American War.
In 1933, the Justice Department took control of Alcatraz to turn it into a federal penitentiary. They wanted a place to lock up dangerous criminals, especially those who might be likely to escape. The prisoners were housed in individual cells, and there was one guard for every three convicts. It was a maximum-security, minimum-privilege prison; cons had very few basic rights, and anything extra had to be earned through good behavior. Conditions weren’t bad, though, and many convicts actually requested transfers to Alcatraz just so they could have their own cell.
Alcatraz closed its doors in 1963, mainly for financial reasons. The buildings, subjected to the salt spray and high winds, were in constant need of repair. And because all the food and supplies had to be brought in by boat, day-to-day operations were much more expensive than they were at other prisons. In its 30 years as a federal penitentiary, Alcatraz housed more than 1,500 prisoners, and not one ever managed to escape, although some made it as far as the water, and five of them are “missing and presumed drowned.”
At the time of her death, she was working on a novel called The Buccaneers. It’s about five wealthy American girls who set out to marry landed (but poor) Englishmen, so that they might assume English feudal titles to their names, such as “baroness” or “duchess” or “lady of the manor.”
Although Wharton didn’t complete the manuscript for The Buccaneers, she continued writing right up until she died. She lay in bed and worked on the novel, and each page that she completed she dropped onto the floor so that it could be collected later, when she was done. An unfinished version was published the year after her death, in 1938. In the 1990s, scholar Marion Mainwaring compiled and studied Edith Wharton’s plot summary and notes about The Buccaneers and completed the story. Her version was published in 1993.
In 1986, the Guinness Book of World Records listed her under “Highest IQ.” Parade magazine then ran a profile of Ms. Vos Savant, including some questions from Parade readers along with her answers. It was going to be a one-time thing, but the reader questions kept coming in. And so “Ask Marilyn” became a weekly Sunday column, where readers could write the high-IQ woman with their logic conundrums or mathematical or vocabulary dilemmas.
She held the “Highest IQ” record through 1989, and then the Guinness Book quit listing the category — IQ tests are not an exact science, and they’re also controversial. But Marilyn vos Savant has continued to write the “Ask Marilyn” Sunday Parade magazine column.
She’s the author of several books, including The Power of Logical Thinking: Easy Lessons in the Art of Reasoning … and Hard Facts about Its Absence in Our Lives (1996) and Growing Up: A Classic American Childhood (2002).
She once said, “If your head tells you one thing and your heart tells you another, before you do anything, you should first decide whether you have a better head or a better heart.”